Maximus DCVG Holiday Detector Set by DCVG Ltd.

Complete D.C Voltage Gradient Equipment with GPS


D.C. Voltage Gradient (DCVG) Equipment manufactured by us in UK to military specifications comes complete with everything except a DC power supply needed to survey a buried pipeline using this technique. The equipment which is a direct descendant of the original work carried out in Australia with inventor, John Mulvaney, is packed into protective carry cases and has two main components, the Interrupter and the Survey Meter. During manufacture maximum emphasis has been placed on quality and robustness of construction, with the equipment kept as simple and as flexible as possible. Although the equipment comes with an instruction booklet , a very comprehensive Training Course is available to ensure operators know how to gather data, use and interpret results in order to gain maximum benefit from the technology transfer process. Twenty four years experience in designing, building, using, analysing the data and most important of all, the excavation of several thousand DCVG coating fault indications personally witnessed, gives us, as the suppliers of this equipment, unparalleled expertise in DC Voltage Gradient Technology and its interpretation which is transferred to operators through the detailed training course. 

The next evolution of the DCVG Meter has arrived. Our new DCVG Buried Pipeline Coating Survey Instrument combines the advantages of the analogue display with the convenience of sub-metre accuracy GPS and data logging. Designed for reliability and ease of use, this turnkey system can be mastered in minutes and used all day long. 

  • simple single button push logging of areas of interest.
  • continuous high-accuracy position logging records your pipeline’s routeas you survey.
  • operated in conjunction with satellite syncrhronised Interrupters
  • large, clear meter readout for precise defect location.
  • specific Test Post, Coating Fault and Feature recording.
  • high speed USB download.
  • up to two Gigabytes internal storage.
  •  2700mAh batteries give extended surveying time.
  • bespoke data download software makes light work of data retrieval and processing. 

Audible signal when logging Data. Status of GPS LED. Blank when no GPS signal. Flashing when GPS Signal not valid. Solid light when GPS signal is valid. The backpack carries the GPS aerial, the DGPS Electronics and the battery used to drive the DGPS System. The GPS system requires the logging onto a local base station or the purchase of satellite time for the most accurate location, proven to be 10 to 15 cm.

Some spare parts inter - changeable with our simple Analogue DCVG and our Quantum CIPS.



Rugged, Simple, Accurate Location of Faults to Within cm 

  • USB-2 Compatible (Fast Download)
  • Up to 10 Volt Analogue Range
  • Analogue and Digital Read-out
  • AC mains rejection filtering 
  • GPS Automatic logging
  • Store Multiple Surveys
  • 2 GB Internet Memory
  • Water Resistant 


Maximus Full DCVG Set 

 Item Number     Maximus DCVG Set - Item   Quantity 
1   Maximus DCVG Survey Meter with Leather Straps  1
2   Maximus DCVG Satellite Aerial 
3  50 Amp Satellite Synchronisable Interrupter of 125 amp Satellite Synchronisable  Interrupter  
4   Interrupter Satellite Aerial  
5  Power Cable to External 12 Volt Battery  
6  Bias Prove Handle 
7  Double Connector Handle
8  120/240 Volt Battery Charger 
9   3-Way Battery Charger Adaptor Lead 
10   Right Hand Connection Lead   1
11   Left Hand Connection Lead 
12  15 Metre Remote Earth Cable 
13  Jar of Copper Sulphate  
14  Porobe Filler Bottle 
15  Probe Tips   6
16  Probe Tip Washers  
17   Probe Tip Holder 
18   PTFE Seasling Tape  
19   Referecne Porbes -DCVG  
20   Reference Probe Carry Case 
21   Equipment Carry Case with Blue Insert 
22   DCVG User Manual
23   DCVG Maintence Manual 
24   DCVG Interrupter Manual  
25   Packing List in Documents Folder  
26   Certificate of Origins in Documents Folder  
27   Certificate of Calibration & Equipment Test in Documents Folder  
28   Guarantee in Documents Folder  
29   Certificate of Conformity & Traceability in Documents Folder  
30   Certificate of Quality in Documents Folder  

Maximus Basic DCVG Set 

 Item Number                     Maximus Basic DCVG Set   Quantity 
1  Maximus DCVG Survey Meter  1
Maximus DCVG Satellite Aerial  
3 50 or 125 Amp Satellite Synchronisable Interrupter  
Interrupter Satellite Aerial  
5   Power Cable to External 12 Volat Battery 
6 Bias Probe Handle  
Double Connector Handle  
120/240 Volat Battery Chareger  
 3-Way Battrery Charger Adaptror Lead 
10  Right Hand Connectin Lead
11  Left Hand Connection Lead 
12  15 Metre Remote Earth Cable  1
13  Mini USB Cable    
14  Har of Copper Sulphate  
15  Probe Filler Bottle 
16    Probe Tips 
17  Probe Tip Washers  
18  Probe Tip Holder   3
19  PTFE Sealing Tape 
20  Equpment Carry Case with Blue Insert  
21  Maximus DCVG User Manual  
22  Maximus Quick Start Guide 
23   DCVG Maintenance Manual         1 
24   Interrupt Manual         1 


Principle of the DC Voltage Gradient Technique 

In Cathodic Protection when current flows through the resistive soil to the bare steel exposed at faults in the protective coating, a voltage gradient is generated in the soil. The larger the fault the greater the current flow and hence voltage gradient and this is utilised in the technique to prioritise faults for repair. The voltage gradient is observed by measuring the out of balance between two copper sulphate electrodes utilising a specially designed milli-voltmeter. When the two electrodes are placed 1.5 meters apart on the soil in the voltage gradient from a coating fault, one electrode adopts a more positive potential than the other which allows the direction of current flow to be established and fault to be located. To simplify the fault location interpretation, the applied CP is separated from all other DC influences such as Tellurics, DC Traction etc, by pulsing the local CP ON and OFF in an unsymmetrical fashion. The pulsing DC can be from the pipeline CP system itself, or from an independent source such as a portable DC generator or batteries utilising a temporary groundbed and impressed on top of a pipelines existing CP system.

In surveying a pipeline, the operator walks the pipeline route testing for a pulsing voltage gradient at regular intervals. As a fault is approached, the surveyor will observe the milli-voltmeter needle begin to respond to the pulse, pointing in the direction of current flow
that is towards the fault.

When the fault is passed the needle direction completely reverses and slowly decreases as the surveyor moves away from the fault. By retracing to the fault, a position of the electrodes can be found where the needle shows no deflection in either direction (a null). The fault is then sited midway between the two electrodes. This procedure isthen repeated at right angles to thefirst set of observations, and where the two midway positions cross is the epicentre of the voltage gradient. This is usually directly above the coating fault.

In order to determine various characteristics about a fault, such as severity, shape, corrosion behaviour, etc, various electrical measurements around the epicentre and from epicentre to earth are made for interpretation.

The beauty of the DCVG technique is that it utilises the existing pipeline CP system at its normal setting wherever possible and hence results reflect the intimate interaction between the protective coating degradation and the effectiveness of CP at individual coating faults. This is very powerful information in the fight against corrosion. No AC or Electromagnetic Technique offers such a direct study capability.

The DCVG Technique can be applied in City Streets, Process Plant and Refineries, across Rivers and Estuaries, Swamps, Parallel Pipeline systems, to Gas, Oil, Chemical and Water Pipelines. Also DCVG can be used to evaluate the protective coating on Telephone and Power Cables.  

ECDA Data Analysis 

Not every coating fault or metal loss location requires repair. In practice, for most pipelines, 99+% of all coating faults have no metal loss but there is the potential for metal loss if there is a coating fault with weak CP in low resistivity soil. While the repair of critical metal loss is important, most pipelines are rehabilitated on the basis of the need to improve the protective coating in order to make the CP more effective. Remember, in line inspection tools detect the symptom of the problem.  DCVG equipment, when combined with potential measurements, detect the real cause of the problem that leads to metal loss, which is a breakdown in corrosion control through coating failure and an inadequate CP system.










There is never enough money to repair all coating faults. Detailed analysis of data is required to identify large, current consuming coating faults, particularly those in low soil resistivity areas.  These coating faults should be repaired releasing CP current that then becomes available to improve protection of those faults not identified for repair.


What Are The Properties Of A Coating Fault That We Should Measure? 

The collection and analysis of the correct information is important to make your Pipeline Integrity Activities both cost and technically effective. Identified in this table in order of priority are the properties of coating faults that need to be measured to provide data for the best subsequent analysis.

Properties of a Coating Fault Required for Proper Fault Analysis





   Fault Cathodic Current 



   Fault Anodic Current 



   Net Current Flow To/From Fault 



   Soil Resistivity 



   CIPS OFF potential 



   CIPS ON Potential 



   DC Interference 



   AC Interference 




   Visual/DCVG/ Coating Type 


   Soil pH 

   pH Meter 


   Type of Soil 



   Vegetation / Roots 



   Fault Severity 



   Fault Size 

   Visual on Excavation 





   Proximity to Another Fault 



   Overall Density of Faults 



   Type of Coating 



   Field Joint Coating 



   Age of Coating 



EM = Electromagnetic Soil Resistivity Measurement. 

DCVG = Analogue DC Voltage Gradient Technique. This table does not apply to so called combined digital DCVG/CIPS which is really just lateral CIPS and is a sham technique. 

CIPS = Close Interval Potential Survey Technique also known as CIS in North America. 

GPS is sub-metre GPS Location and Distance measurement equipment, eg. Trimble Pro XRT